The American Chestnut was once a dominant species in American forests.
It is a beautiful, large spreading tree. It is best known for its edible nuts and lumber used to produce superior furniture.
Unfortunately a fungal disease introduced from Asia in 1904 has nearly wiped them off of the map. New trees reach a maximum height of about 20 feet before the blight destroys them.
Attempts at revitalization are currently underway to create a blight-resistant specimen. Hopefully someday we can witness the comeback of this incredible species.